Early and accurate detection is key in the fight against Alzheimer’s disease.
Would you rather see the world in color or in shades of gray? When it comes to an Alzheimer’s diagnosis, for far too long it’s been the latter. While grayscale only conveys the intensity of light, different colors represent physically distinct wavelengths. These colors can be instrumental in helping many patients who don’t notice the effects of the disease — until after significant damage has already been done. The process of plaque buildup that causes the disease can be ongoing for anywhere from 10 to 20 years before symptoms begin to manifest.
Finding early indicators
Even when patients do suffer from noticeable memory loss, a diagnosis of Alzheimer’s won’t be immediate. Cognitive impairment may be due to metabolic and cardiovascular conditions as well as depression, and these causes need to be ruled out before a diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease can be made.
This often causes delays in effective therapies because Alzheimer’s patients may be engaged in treatment plans that target a different form of dementia. These challenges of diagnosis are a particular burden on patients and caregivers, who may struggle with anxiety over a potentially life-changing diagnosis.
One hallmark of Alzheimer’s is clumps of amyloid plaque in the memory and decision-making areas of the brain. Medical professionals have made progress, using drugs that can bind with plaque buildups and can display them through medical positron-emission tomography (PET) scans.
“Up to one-third of patients who were enrolled in clinical trials have had negative amyloid scans,” explains John C. Morgan, MD, Ph.D., of the Medical College of Georgia. Clinical trials are the key to new therapies, and researchers need to be sure that they’re treating the right illness.
An improved methodology
A neuroimaging agent from GE Healthcare is now helping to ensure that the reading and communication of amyloid PET scans is no longer a gray area. This agent, known as VizamylTM (Flutemetamol F 18 Injection), easily passes into brain tissue and attaches to amyloid plaque. The resulting contrast between normal or diseased brain allows your physician to accurately identify the presence of brain amyloid.
Your doctor will use this information, along with other tests, to try to better understand your condition. A Vizamyl test by itself cannot tell if you have or will get a condition like Alzheimer’s, or tell how well any treatment you are on may be working.
Furthering the fight
With a special color scale, physicians and scientists are able to see the flutemetamol bound to the amyloid in the brain using the PET scan. This development marks the first neuroimaging agent approved by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration for color methodology. While predecessors were designed for black-and-white or grayscale reading, Vizamyl is designed for color.
Color images can help educate patients and caregivers, thereby assisting physicians to formulate appropriate treatment plans. Vizamyl, along with clinical evaluation, may allow researchers to more effectively recruit patients for enrollment in clinical trials that are right for them.
“I’m consistently surprised by how patients are able to relate to these images more,” says Norman Foster, MD, Senior Investigator at the Brain Institute of The University of Utah. “This really helps facilitate our conversations — it’s revolutionary.”
Early detection may also offer hope in the prevention of disease. It’s much easier to prevent a disease than to undo damage. So, finding a way to intervene at the first sign of amyloid buildup can help us better fight the disease.
Important Risk and Safety Information About Vizamyl
What is Vizamyl?
Vizamyl is a radioactive drug that is injected into your bloodstream to help take an image of your brain. This image is taken using a special camera (called a PET camera). If you are an adult who has been having trouble remembering or thinking clearly, and you are being tested for conditions like Alzheimer’s disease (AD), your doctor may decide to do an imaging test using Vizamyl. This test can determine whether there is a protein called beta-amyloid in your brain. Your doctor will use this information, along with other tests, to try to better understand your condition. A Vizamyl test by itself cannot tell if you have or will get a condition like AD, or tell how well any treatment you are on may be working.
You should not take Vizamyl if:
- You are sensitive to polysorbate 80 or any other ingredients of Vizamyl. Your doctor can help you understand what these compounds are
What warnings should I know about Vizamyl?
- Vizamyl can cause reactions such as flushing or shortness of breath. Be sure to tell your doctor if you have had reactions to other drugs, especially any that contain polysorbate 80
- Like other radioactive drugs, Vizamyl adds to your lifetime radiation exposure. Long-term radiation exposure is related to increased risk of cancer
What are the most common side effects of Vizamyl?
- Flushing, increased blood pressure, headache, nausea, or dizziness has occurred in one out of every 50 patients
What should you know about taking Vizamyl with other medications?
- Studies have not been conducted to show which, if any, drugs may interfere with the Vizamyl test results. Be sure to tell your doctor what drugs you are taking so that he or she can decide whether you should stop any of them for a period of time before your Vizamyl test
Always talk with your doctor if you have any questions about PET imaging or Vizamyl.
To learn more about Vizamyl, please visit www.gevizamyl.com/us