Vein Disease: Know the Symptoms

Reasons for varicose and spider vein disease include: genetic misfortune, prolonged standing or sitting occupations and simply the effects of time. Although these tiny red, blue and purple veins are often a cosmetic concern, they can also signify the presence of larger varicose veins inside the leg. 

If you or a loved-one are experiencing symptoms such as leg pain, fatigue, cramping, itching, swelling, or leg restlessness with spider veins, it’s a good indication that there may be underlying venous issues, even in the absence of large, ropey varicose veins.

Women are more likely than men to develop symptomatic varicose and spider veins, especially with a history of multiple pregnancies. It is important to determine the extent of venous disease with a thorough examination and ultrasound scan of the legs. Your physician venous expert will use the ultrasound results to organize a treatment plan to treat any underlying varicose veins and the unwanted spider veins.

If there’s one thing I’ve learned, it’s that everyone’s skin is unique and most don’t fit into the common, yet limiting, categories of dry, normal, or oily. This “aha” moment is why I created a guideline of nine different skin types that take multiple concerns into consideration and make it easier to find personalized products. After all, one size never fits all when it comes to skin health.

Here’s an overview of my “9 different skin types” to get you started.

1. Oily/clogged pores/severe all-over breakouts 

Naturally oily skin that sees large pores, constant and severe acne, scarring, etc. For clearer, smoother skin, avoid heavy oils or pore-clogging ingredients. Exfoliation (with acids like salicylic, glycolic and lactic) should be the main focus. 

2. Oily/combination/occasional breakouts/anti-aging

For those with enlarged pores, oil in the T-zone and occasional breakouts, avoid harsh products, which make skin tight and irritated. Use a vitamin C serum under sunscreen to provide wrinkle protection and prevent UV damage. Hydrate skin with alcohol-free toner and cream.

3. Oily/combination/sensitive/consistent breakouts

Combination skin prone to clogged pores and breakouts, this type requires a blend of antibacterial and smoothing BHAs to clear blemishes without drying or irritating the skin. Avoid heavy oils and balance skin with oil-free hydration. Refrain from picking at breakouts, which leave scars.

4. Oily/combination/sensitive/occasional breakouts

With red, combination and sensitive skin prone to breakouts, the goal is to control breakouts without drying out skin. Avoid harsh products, which will cause skin to produce more oil due to water loss. Use a facial scrub three times a week to keep pores clear.

5. Normal/sensitive/red/anti-aging

Red, sensitive, dehydrated, aging skin requires smoothing exfoliants and calming ingredients to soothe and strengthen. Avoid products that contain synthetic fragrance and do a patch test on the side of the neck when using a new product. Hydrate the skin without heavy oils.

6. Normal/anti-aging

Normal, dehydrated skin showing the signs of aging requires products to boost cellular turnover and antioxidants to brighten and prevent environmental damage. For added glow, massage face cream into the skin using circular motions. Exfoliate with a glycolic acid serum to fade hyperpigmentation. 

7. Dry/tired/anti-aging

Dry, aging, dull skin in need of sun-damage repair that may have loss of tone and elasticity. Make SPF 30 part of your daily routine. Drink peppermint tea to boost blood circulation and hang head upside down for three minutes a day (like downward dog) to give skin a vibrant glow.

8. Dry/sun-damaged/anti-aging

In need of anti-aging, dryness and sun damage repair, this skin type craves anti-aging formulas powered by firming peptides to stave off loss of tone and elasticity, while also addressing hyperpigmentation. Instead of over moisturizing, increase exfoliation to remove dry skin. Use a retinol serum to stimulate collagen production.

9. Dry/sensitive/red/anti-aging

Dry, red, sensitive skin with visible lines and wrinkles requires barrier repair, lipid-rich oils like jojoba or rosehip and comforting botanicals to soothe and strengthen. Avoid over-exfoliating the skin.

If you aren’t entirely sure which category your skin falls into, it’s always good to consult with an esthetician or skin professional to help determine which products will be the best fit for your skin’s needs. Understanding your skin type is the first step in keeping skin healthy and glowing.