Getting your eyes checked on a regular basis is important-even if you do not think you need to. Some eye diseases have no warning signs until damage has been done, but vision loss may be minimized if they are detected and treated early.

Know the risks

Macular degeneration, which hinders central vision affects 11 million people in the United States. Glaucoma affects 3 million. Half of all Americans living with glaucoma, which eventually can harm peripheral vision, do not even know they have it.

Regular eye exams are important to maintain eye health and catch warning signs early, particularly for those at risk. This includes those with a family history of vision disease, Hispanics, persons over the age of 60 and African Americans over age 40.

One, Two, Three

Comprehensive eye exams should Include these three tests:

1. Visual acuity, which uses an eye chart to test your sight at various distances.

2. Pupil dilation, which widens the pupil with eye drops, allowing the doctor to see signs of disease.

3. Tonometry, which tests the fluid pressure inside the eye to important test in detecting glaucoma.

Ask your eye doctor how often you should get your comprehensive eye exam, and make it a regular part of your healthcare.