When it comes to prostate cancer, men should have a chance to make an informed decision with their health care provider about whether screening is right for them. The decision should be made after getting information about the uncertainties, risks and potential benefits of prostate cancer screening.

Are you at risk?

  • Are you over age 50?

  • Are you African-American?

  • Do you have a father, brother or son who was diagnosed with prostate cancer before age 65?

  • Are you obese?

I'm at risk—now what?

  • Talk to a doctor about the uncertainties, risks and potential benefits of prostate cancer testing (screening) so that you can make an informed decision about whether to get tested.

  • Start these talks at age 50 if you are at average risk and are expected to live at least 10 more years.

  • Start these talks at age 45 if you are at high risk.

  • Start these talks at age 40 if you have more than one close relative diagnosed before the age 65.

  • If you decide to get tested, a prostate specific antigen blood test should be done as a part of screening. Your doctor may also do a digital rectal exam.

Can I prevent it?

Lastly, practice the following lifestyle habits to prevent prostate cancer:

  • Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains, and limit your intake of red meats, especially high-fat or processed meats.

  • Get to and stay at a healthy weight.

  • Talk to a doctor about whether medicine to reduce prostate cancer risk may be right for you.