Lack of preparedness only adds to the ongoing social stigma associated with seizure conditions and epilepsy. Here’s what you need to know properly administer help.

1. Use your brain

The Anita Kaufman Association, which is dedicated to educating the public to not fear epilepsy and seizures, recommends thinking of the letters from the word “brain” as a guide. B is for “be calm.” R is for “remove” dangerous objects. A is for “always” timing the seizure. I is for “if” the person has fallen to put something soft under his or her head. And N is for “never” putting anything in the mouth.

2. Call 911

If it is a person’s first known seizure, if the seizure lasts more than five minutes, if the person is pregnant, injured or has diabetes, or if the seizure occurs in the water. Medical attention is immediately required if the victim does not regain consciousness or normal breathing. Call 911 if they don’t have identification noting they have epilepsy.

3. Never hold the person down

Or move them. Both of these actions can result in injury to you and the person having the seizure.

4. Check for injuries

When the seizure subsides, gently use fingers to clear any vomit or saliva if they have difficulty breathing.

5. Make them comfortable

Loosen tight clothing around the person's neck and waist.

6. Find space

Provide them a safe area for rest.

7. Nourish later

Do not give anything to eat or drink until fully awake and alert.

8. Stay with the person

Until he or she is mentally responsive and familiar with surroundings.

9. Monitor their activity

Do not allow them to drive, swim or do heavy physical activity.

10. Do not overreact

Be prepared. Anyone with a brain can suffer a seizure. According to the Epilepsy Foundation, 1 in 26 people develops seizures during the course of a lifetime.